RPN Calculator - 2024.1 English

Vitis Model Composer User Guide (UG1483)

Document ID
UG1483
Release Date
2024-05-30
Version
2024.1 English

This example shows how to use the MCode block to model a RPN calculator which is a stack machine. The block is synthesizable:

Figure 1. RPN Calculator

The following function models the RPN calculator.

function [q, active] = rpn_calc(d, rst, en)
  d_nbits = xl_nbits(d);
  % the first bit indicates whether it's a data or operator
  is_oper = xl_slice(d, d_nbits-1, d_nbits-1)==1;
  din = xl_force(xl_slice(d, d_nbits-2, 0), xlSigned, 0);
  % the lower 3 bits are operator
  op = xl_slice(d, 2, 0);
  % acc the the A register
  persistent acc, acc = xl_state(0, din);
  % the stack is implemented with a RAM and
  % an up-down counter
  persistent mem, mem = xl_state(zeros(1, 64), din);
  persistent acc_active, acc_active = xl_state(false, {xlBoolean});
  persistent stack_active, stack_active = xl_state(false, ...
                                                       {xlBoolean});
  stack_pt_prec = {xlUnsigned, 5, 0};
  persistent stack_pt, stack_pt = xl_state(0, {xlUnsigned, 5, 0});
  % when en is true, it's action
  OP_ADD = 2;
  OP_SUB = 3;
  OP_MULT = 4;
  OP_NEG = 5;
  OP_DROP = 6;
  q = acc;
  active = acc_active;
  if rst
    acc = 0;
    acc_active = false;
    stack_pt = 0;
  elseif en
    if ~is_oper
      % enter data, push
      if acc_active
        stack_pt = xfix(stack_pt_prec, stack_pt + 1);
        mem(stack_pt) = acc;
        stack_active = true;
      else
        acc_active = true;
      end
      acc = din;
    else
      if op == OP_NEG
        % unary op, no stack op
        acc = -acc;
      elseif stack_active
        b = mem(stack_pt);
        switch double(op)
          case OP_ADD
            acc = acc + b;
          case OP_SUB
            acc = b - acc ;
          case OP_MULT
            acc = acc * b;
          case OP_DROP
            acc = b;
        end
        stack_pt = stack_pt - 1;
      elseif acc_active
        acc_active = false;
        acc = 0;
      end
    end
  end
  stack_active = stack_pt ~= 0;