PCS/PMA 64-bit Clocking - 4.1 English

10G/25G High Speed Ethernet Subsystem Product Guide (PG210)

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4.1 English

The clocking architecture for the 10G/25G PCS is illustrated below. There are three clock domains in the datapath, as illustrated by the dashed lines in the following figure.

Figure 1. PCS/PMA Clocking
gt_refclk_p, gt_refclk_n, tx_serdes_refclk
The refclk differential pair is required to be an input to the FPGA. The example design includes a buffer to convert this clock to a single-ended signal refclk, which is used as the reference clock for the GT block. The tx_serdes_refclk is directly derived from refclk. refclk must be chosen so that the tx_mii_clk meets the requirements of 802.3, which is within 100 ppm of 390.625 MHz for 25G and 156.25 MHz for 10G. For Versal devices, refclk is 322.265625 MHz.
The tx_mii_clk is an output that is the same as the tx_serdes_refclk. The entire TX path is driven by this clock. You must synchronize the TX path mii bus to this clock output. All TX control and status signals are referenced to this clock.
The rx_serdes_clk is derived from the incoming data stream within the GT block. The incoming data stream is processed by the RX core in this clock domain.
The rx_clk_out output signal is presented as a reference for the RX control and status signals processed by the RX core. It is the same frequency as the rx_serdes_clk.
The rx_mii_clk input is required to be synchronized to the RX XGMII/25GMII data bus. This clock and the RX XGMII/25GMII bus must be within 100 ppm of the required frequency, which is 390.625 MHz for 25G and 156.25 MHz for 10G.
The dclk signal must be a convenient, stable clock. It is used as a reference frequency for the GT helper blocks, which initiate the GT itself. In the example design, a typical value is 75 MHz, which is readily derived from the 300 MHz clock available on the VCU107 evaluation board. The actual frequency must be known to the GT helper blocks for proper operation.