Sub-sampled Video Formats - 2.4 English

Video Processing Subsystem Product Guide (PG231)

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2.4 English

The sub-sampling scheme is commonly expressed as a three part ratio J:a:b (for example, 4:2:2), that describes the number of luminance and chrominance samples in a conceptual region that is J pixels wide, and 2 pixels high. The parts are (in their respective order):

  • J: Horizontal sampling reference (width of the conceptual region). This is usually 4.
  • a: Number of chrominance samples (V, U) in the first row of J pixels.
  • b: Number of (additional) chrominance samples (V, U) in the second row of J pixels.

To illustrate the most common sub-sampling schemes, The following figure introduces a graphical notation of sampling grid pixels.

Figure 1. Luma, Chroma Notation