LVDS_PRE_EMPHASIS - 2024.1 English

Vivado Design Suite Properties Reference Guide (UG912)

Document ID
UG912
Release Date
2024-05-30
Version
2024.1 English

On UltraScale devices, the LVDS_PRE_EMPHASIS property is used to improve signal integrity of high-frequency signals that suffer high-frequency losses through the transmission line.

LVDS Transmitter pre-emphasis provides a voltage boost (gain) at the signal transitions to compensate for transmission-line losses on the drivers implementing certain I/O standards. Pre-emphasis for DDR4 HP I/O banks and LVDS TX HP/HR I/O banks is available to reduce inter-symbol interference and to minimize the effects of transmission line loss.

Tip: Pre-emphasis at the transmitter can be combined with EQUALIZATION at the receiver to improve the overall signal integrity.

The pre-emphasis at the transmitter is also a key to the signal integrity at the receiver. Pre-emphasis increases the signal edge rate, which also increases the crosstalk on neighboring signals.

Because the impact of pre-emphasis is dependent on the transmission line characteristics, simulation is required to ensure the impact is minimal. Over emphasis of the signal can further degrade the signal quality instead of improving it.

The use of LVDS_PRE_EMPHASIS=TRUE and LVDS_PRE_EMPHASIS=FALSE results in two different I/O standards, that cannot be placed together into a single I/O bank. This can result in the following placement design rule violation found during report_drc:

ERROR: [DRC 23-20] Rule violation (DIFFSTDLIMIT-1) Too many true differential output standards in bank.
Architecture Support
UltraScale devices.
Applicable Objects
Ports (get_ports)
Values
  • TRUE: Enable pre-emphasis for differential inputs and bidirectional buffers implementing the LVDS I/O standard. When set to TRUE, the ENABLE_PRE_EMPHASIS property on the TX_BITSLICE must also be set to TRUE.
  • FALSE: Do not enable pre-emphasis (default).

Syntax

Verilog Syntax

Not applicable

VHDL Syntax

Not applicable

XDC Syntax

The LVDS_PRE_EMPHASIS attribute uses the following syntax in the XDC file:

set_property LVDS_PRE_EMPHASIS <TRUE|FALSE> [get_ports port_name]

Where:

  • set_property LVDS_PRE_EMPHASIS enables pre-emphasis at the transmitter.
  • port_name is an output or bidirectional port connected to a differential output buffer.