Product Specification - 3.0 English

Binary CAM Search v3.0 LogiCORE IP Product Guide (PG317)

Document ID
PG317
Release Date
2024-05-30
Version
3.0 English

The functional block diagram of the core is shown in the following figure.

Figure 1. Core Block Diagram

The previous figure contains the following sub-blocks:
CAM Database
Memory and registers for storage of rules and logic for algorithmic lookup matching.
AXI4-Stream Slave
Protocol handling, including flow control, for Lookup Requests.
AXI4-Stream Master
Protocol handling, including flow control, for Lookup Responses.
Lookup Request FIFO (Optional)
Transfers Lookup Requests from the Lookup Frequency domain to the RAM Frequency domain.
Lookup Response FIFO (Optional)
Transfers Lookup Responses from the RAM Frequency domain to the Lookup Frequency domain.
Management Request FIFO
Buffering queue for input Management Requests.
Management Response FIFO
Buffering queue for Management Responses.
Strict Priority Scheduler
Schedules Lookup and Management Requests.
AXI4-Lite interface slave
Protocol handling for accepting read/write requests and generating responses. The AXI4-Lite interface uses 13 bits of address and 32 bits of data.
HW Update Interface (available only on CBCAM)
AXI4-Stream slave
Accepting insert/update/delete commands directly from the hardware.
AXI4-Stream master
Providing responses to commands issued on the slave port.

The following clock domains are depicted in the block diagram:

AXI4-Stream Lookup Interface Frequency
The clock frequency of the Lookup Request/Response interfaces and HW Update Interface on CBCAM. Depending on configuration parameters a new Lookup Request can be processed every cycle, every second cycle, every fourth cycle, etc.
RAM Frequency
The clock frequency of the internal RAM and match logic.
AXI4-Lite Frequency
The clock frequency of the AXI4-Lite bus.

The clocking of the CAM can be set to one of two modes:

Single Clock Mode
If the Lookup Interface Frequency and RAM Frequency are equal, then the RAM clock is not used and the Lookup Request/Response FIFOs are removed completely.
Dual Clock Mode
If the RAM Frequency is higher than the Lookup Interface Frequency, shallow FIFOs are inserted to bridge the clock domains.