Bandwidth Requirements - 9.0 English

Tri-Mode Ethernet MAC LogiCORE IP Product Guide (PG051)

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9.0 English

The frequency of stats_ref_clk is flexible but depends upon both the number of counters and the maximum frequency supported by the MAC. The low-frequency increment vectors can update at a maximum rate of one per minimum sized Ethernet frame. This translates to 584 ns when running at 1 Gbps (64 bytes of minimum Ethernet frame size, plus 1-byte of minimum received preamble, plus eight bytes of minimum received interframe gap, at a byte rate of 1-byte per 8 ns).

With stats_ref_clk set to 125 MHz, 36 statistical counters can be safely updated between successive Ethernet frames (584 ns divided by the 8 ns clock period of stats_ref_clk , divided by two because a counter update requires two accesses). As this is less than the provided 44 counters, extra decode logic is included to take advantage of the frame size counters’ one-hot status (that is, only one of the seven RX and one of the seven TX frame size counters can update on a per packet basis).

The round-robin function that controls which counter is being accessed, only accesses the required frame size counter and skips the other five. This means the 44 counters supported only require 32 counter accesses. However, this does mean that the stats_ref_clk should be at least as fast as the clock used for the maximum rate supported by the MAC (125 MHz at 1 Gbps or 12.5 MHz at 10/100 Mbps).