Modeling the Convolution Filter - 2023.2 English

Vitis Unified Software Platform Documentation: Application Acceleration Development (UG1393)

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2023.2 English

The focus of this section is high-level discussion of modeling the convolutional filter using VSC, and not on the lower level details of the implementation itself. At the top level, the CU is modeled as having a memory interface using three 8-bit pointers (i.e. char*) to the color values of the input data and output data, as well as filter coefficients. Some other constant parameters are also passed to the CU like the bias, image height and image width.

The header file conv_acc_filter.hpp declares one compute() wrapper function used for the host code and software interaction and one or more processing elements (PEs). In this example there is only one PE named krnl_conv.

In VSC all accelerators should be written as a class derived from the VPP_ACC base class. In the user code, every class that inherits from the VPP_ACC class should intend to be an accelerator that compiles to hardware. Specifically the child class should provide a function named compute() that is the software entry point to the compiled hardware accelerator, as shown in the example below. Every derived class should have a unique name to represent a unique compute unit function.

#pragma once
#include "common.hpp"
#include "vpp_acc.hpp"
class conv_acc : public VPP_ACC<conv_acc, /*NCU*/3>
    // Data copy macros : specifies that size of data to be copied for kernel call in
    // case the kernel can process variable size data.
    DATA_COPY(src, src[width*height]);
    DATA_COPY(dst, dst[width*height]);
     // Kernel DDR connections
    SYS_PORT(coeffs, DDR[0]);
    SYS_PORT(src, DDR[0]);
    SYS_PORT(dst, DDR[0]);
 static void compute(
        char                 *coeffs,
        float                factor,
        short                bias,
        unsigned short       width,
        unsigned short       height,
        unsigned char        *src,
        unsigned char        *dst
 static void krnl_conv(
        char                *coeffs,
        float                factor,
        short                bias,
        unsigned short       width,
        unsigned short       height,
        unsigned char        *src,
        unsigned char        *dst

This header file defines a number of different things including the top-level interface of the CU. It declares two static functions compute() and krnl_conv(). The compute() function acts as software entry point on the host side, which is called from the send_while thread sending data to the CU (here the conv_acc class). The krnl_conv() function implements all the functionality of the CU.

The header file also defines some other important items that any kernel model for VSC is required to specify: