Debugging and Logging#


All logging messages output to standard error stream (stderr). The following environment variables can be used to control logging:

  • MIOPEN_ENABLE_LOGGING - Enables printing the basic layer by layer MIOpen API call information with actual parameters (configurations). Important for debugging. Disabled by default.

  • MIOPEN_ENABLE_LOGGING_CMD - A user can use this environmental variable to output the associated MIOpenDriver command line(s) onto console. Disabled by default.

NOTE 1: These two and other two-state (“boolean”) environment variables can be set to the following values:

1, on, yes, true, enable, enabled - to enable feature
0, off, no, false, disable, disabled - to disable feature
  • MIOPEN_LOG_LEVEL - In addition to API call information and driver commands, MIOpen prints various information related to the progress of its internal operations. This information can be useful both for debugging and for understanding the principles of operation of the library. The MIOPEN_LOG_LEVEL environment variable controls the verbosity of these messages. Allowed values are:

    • 0 - Default. Works as level 4 for Release builds, level 5 for Debug builds.

    • 1 - Quiet. No logging messages.

    • 2 - Fatal errors only (not used yet).

    • 3 - Errors and fatals.

    • 4 - All errors and warnings.

    • 5 - Info. All the above plus information for debugging purposes.

    • 6 - Detailed info. All the above plus more detailed information for debugging.

    • 7 - Trace: the most detailed debugging info plus all above.

NOTE 2: When asking for technical support, please include the console log obtained with the following settings:

  • MIOPEN_ENABLE_LOGGING_MPMT - When enabled, each log line is prefixed with information which allows the user to identify records printed from different processes and/or threads. Useful for debugging multi-process/multi-threaded apps.

  • MIOPEN_ENABLE_LOGGING_ELAPSED_TIME - Adds a timestamp to each log line. Indicates the time elapsed since the previous log message, in milliseconds.

Layer Filtering#

The following list of environment variables allow for enabling/disabling various kinds of kernels and algorithms. This can be helpful for both debugging MIOpen and integration with frameworks.

NOTE 3: These variables can be set to the following values:

1, yes, true, enable, enabled - to enable kernels/algorithm
0, no, false, disable, disabled - to disable kernels/algorithm

If a variable is not set, then MIOpen behaves as if it is set to enabled, unless otherwise specified. So all kinds of kernels/algorithms are enabled by default and the below variables can be used for disabling them.

WARNING: When the library is used with layer filtering, the results of Find() calls become narrower than during normal operation. This means that relevant find-db entries would not include some solutions that normally should be there. Therefore the subsequent Immediate mode Get() calls may return incomplete information or even run into Fallback path.

In order to rehabilitate the Immediate mode, the user can:

  • Re-enable all solvers and re-run the same Find() calls that have been run before,

  • Or, completely remove the User find-db.

Filtering by algorithm#

These variables control the sets (families) of convolution Solutions. For example, Direct algorithm is implemented in several Solutions that use OpenCL, GCN assembly etc. The corresponding variable can disable them all.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_FFT - FFT convolution algorithm.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_DIRECT - Direct convolution algorithm.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_GEMM - GEMM convolution algorithm.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_WINOGRAD - Winograd convolution algorithm.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_IMPLICIT_GEMM - Implicit GEMM convolution algorithm.

Filtering by build method#

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_GCN_ASM_KERNELS - Kernels written in assembly language. Currently these used in many convolutions (some Direct solvers, Winograd kernels, fused convolutions), batch normalization.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_HIP_KERNELS - Convoluton kernels written in HIP (today, all these implement ImplicitGemm algorithm).

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_OPENCL_CONVOLUTIONS - Convolution kernels written in OpenCL (note that only convolutions affected).

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_ROCM_PRECOMPILED_BINARIES - Binary kernels. Right now the library does not use binaries.

Filtering out all Solutions except one#

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_FIND_ONLY_SOLVER=solution_id, where solution_id should be either numeric or string identifier of some Solution. Directly affects only Find() calls (however there is some indirect connection to Immediate mode; please see the “Warning” above.)

    • If solution_id denotes some applicable Solution, then only that Solution will be found (plus GEMM and FFT, if these applicable, see Note 4).

    • Else, if solution_id is valid but not applicable, then Find() would fail with all algorithms (again, except GEMM and FFT, see Note 4)

    • Otherwise the solution_id is invalid (i.e. it doesn’t match any existing Solution), and the Find() call would fail.

NOTE 4: This env. variable does not affect the “gemm” and “fft” solutions. For now, GEMM and FFT can be disabled only at algorithm level (see above).

Filtering the Solutions on individual basis#

Some of the Solutions have individual controls available. These affect both Find and Immediate modes. Note the “Warning” above.

Direct Solutions:




  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_DIRECT_ASM_5X10U2V2 - ConvAsm5x10u2v2f1, ConvAsm5x10u2v2b1.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_DIRECT_ASM_7X7C3H224W224 - ConvAsm7x7c3h224w224k64u2v2p3q3f1.



  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_DIRECT_OCL_FWD11X11 - ConvOclDirectFwd11x11.




  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_DIRECT_OCL_WRW2 - ConvOclBwdWrW2<n> (where n = {1,2,4,8,16}), and ConvOclBwdWrW2NonTunable.



Winograd Solutions:

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_3X3 - ConvBinWinograd3x3U, FP32 Winograd Fwd/Bwd, filter size fixed to 3x3.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_RXS - ConvBinWinogradRxS, FP32/FP16 F(3,3) Fwd/Bwd and FP32 F(3,2) WrW Winograd. Subsets:

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_RXS_WRW - FP32 F(3,2) WrW convolutions only.


  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_RXS_F3X2 - ConvBinWinogradRxSf3x2, FP32/FP16 Fwd/Bwd F(3,2) Winograd.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_RXS_F2X3 - ConvBinWinogradRxSf2x3, FP32/FP16 Fwd/Bwd F(2,3) Winograd, serves group convolutions only.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_RXS_F2X3_G1 - ConvBinWinogradRxSf2x3g1, FP32/FP16 Fwd/Bwd F(2,3) Winograd, for non-group convolutions.

  • Multi-pass Winograd:

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_MPASS_F3X2 - ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<3-2>, WrW F(3,2), stride 2 only.

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_MPASS_F3X3 - ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<3-3>, WrW F(3,3), stride 2 only.

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_MPASS_F3X4 - ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<3-4>, WrW F(3,4).

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_MPASS_F3X5 - ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<3-5>, WrW F(3,5).

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_MPASS_F3X6 - ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<3-6>, WrW F(3,6).

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_MPASS_F5X3 - ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<5-3>, WrW F(5,3).

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_WINOGRAD_MPASS_F5X4 - ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<5-4>, WrW F(5,4).


      • ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<7-2>, WrW F(7,2)

      • ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<7-2-1-1>, WrW F(7x1,2x1)

      • ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<1-1-7-2>, WrW F(1x7,1x2)


      • ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<7-3>, WrW F(7,3)

      • ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<7-3-1-1>, WrW F(7x1,3x1)

      • ConvWinograd3x3MultipassWrW<1-1-7-3>, WrW F(1x7,1x3)

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_MP_BD_WINOGRAD_F2X3 - ConvMPBidirectWinograd<2-3>, FWD/BWD F(2,3)

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_MP_BD_WINOGRAD_F3X3 - ConvMPBidirectWinograd<3-3>, FWD/BWD F(3,3)

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_MP_BD_WINOGRAD_F4X3 - ConvMPBidirectWinograd<4-3>, FWD/BWD F(4,3)

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_MP_BD_WINOGRAD_F5X3 - ConvMPBidirectWinograd<5-3>, FWD/BWD F(5,3)

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_MP_BD_WINOGRAD_F6X3 - ConvMPBidirectWinograd<6-3>, FWD/BWD F(6,3)

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_MP_BD_XDLOPS_WINOGRAD_F2X3 - ConvMPBidirectWinograd_xdlops<2-3>, FWD/BWD F(2,3)

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_MP_BD_XDLOPS_WINOGRAD_F3X3 - ConvMPBidirectWinograd_xdlops<3-3>, FWD/BWD F(3,3)

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_MP_BD_XDLOPS_WINOGRAD_F4X3 - ConvMPBidirectWinograd_xdlops<4-3>, FWD/BWD F(4,3)

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_MP_BD_XDLOPS_WINOGRAD_F5X3 - ConvMPBidirectWinograd_xdlops<5-3>, FWD/BWD F(5,3)

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_MP_BD_XDLOPS_WINOGRAD_F6X3 - ConvMPBidirectWinograd_xdlops<6-3>, FWD/BWD F(6,3)

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_MP_BD_WINOGRAD_EXPEREMENTAL_FP16_TRANSFORM - ConvMPBidirectWinograd*`, FWD/BWD FP16 experemental mode. Disabled by default. This mode is experimental. Use it at your own risk.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_FUSED_WINOGRAD - Fused FP32 F(3,3) Winograd, variable filter size.

Implicit GEMM Solutions:

  • ASM Implicit GEMM

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_IMPLICIT_GEMM_ASM_FWD_V4R1 - ConvAsmImplicitGemmV4R1DynamicFwd

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_IMPLICIT_GEMM_ASM_FWD_V4R1_1X1 - ConvAsmImplicitGemmV4R1DynamicFwd_1x1

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_IMPLICIT_GEMM_ASM_BWD_V4R1 - ConvAsmImplicitGemmV4R1DynamicBwd

    • MIOPEN_DEBUG_CONV_IMPLICIT_GEMM_ASM_WRW_V4R1 - ConvAsmImplicitGemmV4R1DynamicWrw




  • HIP Implicit GEMM














rocBlas Logging and Behavior#

The ROCBLAS_LAYER environmental variable can be set to output GEMM information:

  • ROCBLAS_LAYER= - is not set, there is no logging

  • ROCBLAS_LAYER=1 - is set to 1, then there is trace logging

  • ROCBLAS_LAYER=2 - is set to 2, then there is bench logging

  • ROCBLAS_LAYER=3 - is set to 3, then there is both trace and bench logging

Additionally, using environment variable “MIOPEN_GEMM_ENFORCE_BACKEND”, can override the default behavior. The default behavior which is to use both MIOpenGEMM and rocBlas depending on the input configuration:

  • MIOPEN_GEMM_ENFORCE_BACKEND=1, use rocBLAS if enabled

  • MIOPEN_GEMM_ENFORCE_BACKEND=2, use MIOpenGEMM for FP32, use rocBLAS for FP16 if enabled

  • MIOPEN_GEMM_ENFORCE_BACKEND=3, no gemm will be called

  • MIOPEN_GEMM_ENFORCE_BACKEND=4, use MIOpenTensile for FP32, use rocBLAS for FP16 if enabled

  • MIOPEN_GEMM_ENFORCE_BACKEND=<any other value>, use default behavior

To disable using rocBlas entirely, set the configuration flag -DMIOPEN_USE_ROCBLAS=Off during MIOpen configuration.

More information on logging with rocBlas can be found here.

Numerical Checking#

MIOpen provides the environmental variable MIOPEN_CHECK_NUMERICS to allow users to debug potential numerical abnormalities. Setting this variable will scan all inputs and outputs of each kernel called and attempt to detect infinities (infs), not-a-number (NaN), or all zeros. The environment variable has several settings that will help with debugging:

  • MIOPEN_CHECK_NUMERICS=0x01: Fully informative, prints results from all checks to console

  • MIOPEN_CHECK_NUMERICS=0x02: Warning information, prints results only if abnormality detected

  • MIOPEN_CHECK_NUMERICS=0x04: Throw error on detection, MIOpen execute MIOPEN_THROW on abnormal result

  • MIOPEN_CHECK_NUMERICS=0x08: Abort on abnormal result, this will allow users to drop into a debugging session

  • MIOPEN_CHECK_NUMERICS=0x10: Print stats, this will compute and print mean/absmean/min/max (note, this is much slower)

Controlling Parallel Compilation#

MIOpen’s Convolution Find() calls will compile and benchmark a set of solvers contained in miopenConvAlgoPerf_t this is done in parallel per miopenConvAlgorithm_t. Parallelism per algorithm is set to 20 threads. Typically there are far fewer threads spawned due to the limited number of kernels under any given algorithm. The level of parallelism can be controlled using the environment variable MIOPEN_COMPILE_PARALLEL_LEVEL.

For example, to disable multi-threaded compilation:


Experimental controls#

NOTE 5: Using experimental controls may result in:

  • Performance drops

  • Computation inaccuracies

  • Run-time errors

  • Other kinds of unexpected behavior

It is strongly recommended to use them only with the explicit permission or request of the library developers.

Code Object (CO) version selection (EXPERIMENTAL)#

Different ROCm versions use Code Object files of different versions (or, in other words, formats). The library uses suitable version automatically. The following variables allow for experimenting and triaging possible problems related to CO version:

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_ROCM_METADATA_ENFORCE - Affects kernels written in GCN assembly language.

    • 0 or unset - Automatically detect the required CO version and assemble to that version. This is the default.

    • 1 - Do not auto-detect Code Object version, always assemble v2 Code Objects.

    • 2 - Behave as if both CO v2 and v3 are supported (see MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_ROCM_METADATA_PREFER_OLDER).

    • 3 - Always assemble v3 Code Objects.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_AMD_ROCM_METADATA_PREFER_OLDER - This variable affects only assembly kernels, and only when ROCm supports both CO v2 and CO v3 (like ROCm 2.10). By default, the newer format is used (CO v3). When this variable is enabled, the behavior is reversed.

  • MIOPEN_DEBUG_OPENCL_ENFORCE_CODE_OBJECT_VERSION - Enforces Code Object format for OpenCL kernels. Works with HIP backend only (cmake ... -DMIOPEN_BACKEND=HIP...).

    • Unset - Automatically detect the required CO version. This is the default.

    • 2 - Always build to CO v2.

    • 3 - Always build to CO v3.

    • 4 - Always build to CO v4.

Winograd Multi-pass Maximum Workspace throttling#


Syntax of value:

  • decimal or hex (with 0x prefix) value that should fit into 64-bit unsigned integer.

  • If syntax is violated, then the behavior is unspecified.


  • Sets the limit (max allowed workspace size) for Multi-pass (MP) Winograd Solutions, in bytes.

  • Affects all MP Winograd Solutions. If a Solution needs more workspace than the limit, then it does not apply.

  • If unset, then the default limit is used. Current default is 2000000000 (~1.862 GiB) for gfx900 and gfx906/60 (or less CUs). No default limit is set for other GPUs.

  • Special values:

 0 - Use the default limit, as if the variable is unset.
 1 - Completely prohibit the use of workspace.
-1 - Remove the default limit.