TensorFlow Installation for ROCm#

Applies to Linux

2023-06-08

8 min read time

TensorFlow#

TensorFlow is an open source library for solving Machine Learning, Deep Learning, and Artificial Intelligence problems. It can be used to solve many problems across different sectors and industries but primarily focuses on training and inference in neural networks. It is one of the most popular and in-demand frameworks and is very active in open source contribution and development.

Installing TensorFlow#

The following sections contain options for installing TensorFlow.

Option 1: Install TensorFlow Using Docker Image#

To install ROCm on bare metal, follow the section Installation (Linux). The recommended option to get a TensorFlow environment is through Docker.

Using Docker provides portability and access to a prebuilt Docker container that has been rigorously tested within AMD. This might also save compilation time and should perform as tested without facing potential installation issues. Follow these steps:

  1. Pull the latest public TensorFlow Docker image.

    docker pull rocm/tensorflow:latest
    
  2. Once you have pulled the image, run it by using the command below:

    docker run -it --network=host --device=/dev/kfd --device=/dev/dri
    --ipc=host --shm-size 16G --group-add video --cap-add=SYS_PTRACE
    --security-opt seccomp=unconfined rocm/tensorflow:latest
    

Option 2: Install TensorFlow Using Wheels Package#

To install TensorFlow using the wheels package, follow these steps:

  1. Check the Python version.

    python3 --version
    

    If:

    Then:

    The Python version is less than 3.7

    Upgrade Python.

    The Python version is more than 3.7

    Skip this step and go to Step 3.

    Note

    The supported Python versions are:

    • 3.7

    • 3.8

    • 3.9

    • 3.10

    sudo apt-get install python3.7 # or python3.8 or python 3.9 or python 3.10
    
  2. Set up multiple Python versions using update-alternatives.

    update-alternatives --query python3
    sudo update-alternatives --install
    /usr/bin/python3 python3 /usr/bin/python[version] [priority]
    

    Note

    Follow the instruction in Step 2 for incompatible Python versions.

    sudo update-alternatives --config python3
    
  3. Follow the screen prompts, and select the Python version installed in Step 2.

  4. Install or upgrade PIP.

    sudo apt install python3-pip
    

    To install PIP, use the following:

    /usr/bin/python[version]  -m pip install --upgrade pip
    

    Upgrade PIP for Python version installed in step 2:

    sudo pip3 install --upgrade pip
    
  5. Install TensorFlow for the Python version as indicated in Step 2.

    /usr/bin/python[version] -m pip install --user tensorflow-rocm==[wheel-version] --upgrade
    

    For a valid wheel version for a ROCm release, refer to the instruction below:

    sudo apt install rocm-libs rccl
    
  6. Update protobuf to 3.19 or lower.

    /usr/bin/python3.7  -m pip install protobuf=3.19.0
    sudo pip3 install tensorflow
    
  7. Set the environment variable PYTHONPATH.

    export PYTHONPATH="./.local/lib/python[version]/site-packages:$PYTHONPATH"  #Use same python version as in step 2
    
  8. Install libraries.

    sudo apt install rocm-libs rccl
    
  9. Test installation.

    python3 -c 'import tensorflow' 2> /dev/null && echo 'Success' || echo 'Failure'
    

    Note

    For details on tensorflow-rocm wheels and ROCm version compatibility, see: ROCmSoftwarePlatform/tensorflow-upstream

Test the TensorFlow Installation#

To test the installation of TensorFlow, run the container image as specified in the previous section Installing TensorFlow. Ensure you have access to the Python shell in the Docker container.

python3 -c 'import tensorflow' 2> /dev/null && echo ‘Success’ || echo ‘Failure’

Run a Basic TensorFlow Example#

The TensorFlow examples repository provides basic examples that exercise the framework’s functionality. The MNIST database is a collection of handwritten digits that may be used to train a Convolutional Neural Network for handwriting recognition.

Follow these steps:

  1. Clone the TensorFlow example repository.

    cd ~
    git clone https://github.com/tensorflow/models.git
    
  2. Install the dependencies of the code, and run the code.

    #pip3 install requirement.txt
    #python mnist_tf.py
    

References#

C. Szegedy, V. Vanhoucke, S. Ioffe, J. Shlens and Z. Wojna, “Rethinking the Inception Architecture for Computer Vision,” CoRR, p. abs/1512.00567, 2015

PyTorch, [Online]. Available: https://pytorch.org/vision/stable/index.html

PyTorch, [Online]. Available: https://pytorch.org/hub/pytorch_vision_inception_v3/

Stanford, [Online]. Available: http://cs231n.stanford.edu/

Wikipedia, [Online]. Available: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross_entropy

AMD, “ROCm issues,” [Online]. Available: RadeonOpenCompute/ROCm#issues

PyTorch, [Online image]. https://pytorch.org/assets/brand-guidelines/PyTorch-Brand-Guidelines.pdf

TensorFlow, [Online image]. https://www.tensorflow.org/extras/tensorflow_brand_guidelines.pdf

MAGMA, [Online image]. https://bitbucket.org/icl/magma/src/master/docs/

Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., [Online]. Available: https://rocmsoftwareplatform.github.io/AMDMIGraphX/doc/html/

Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., [Online]. Available: ROCmSoftwarePlatform/AMDMIGraphX

Docker, [Online]. https://docs.docker.com/get-started/overview/

Torchvision, [Online]. Available https://pytorch.org/vision/master/index.html?highlight=torchvision#module-torchvision